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        PETS公共英语
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        2019年全国英语等级考试完型填空专项模拟试题三
        来源:学易网校 2019/3/14 15:45:00 【字体:放大正常缩小】【打印页面

        全国英语等级考试语法辅导公共英语语法辅导PETS语法辅导

          The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name.But Gregory Cochran is 1 to say it anyway.He is that 2 bird,a scientist who works independently 3 any institution.He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not 4 thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections,which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.
          5 he,however,might tremble at the 6 of what he is about to do.Together with another two scientists,he is publishing a paper which not only 7 that one group of humanity is more intelligent than the others,but explains the process that has brought this about.The group in 8 are a particular people originated from central Europe.The process is natural selection.
          This group generally do well in IQ test,9 12-15 points above the 10 value of 100,and have contributed 11 to the intellectual and cultural life of the West,as the 12 of their elites,including several world-renowned scientists,13.They also suffer more often than most people from a number of nasty genetic diseases,such as breast cancer.These facts,14,have previously been thought unrelated.The former has been 15 to social effects,such as a strong tradition of 16 education.The latter was seen as a(an)17 of genetic isolation.Dr.Cochran suggests that the intelligence and diseases are intimately 18.His argument is that the unusual history of these people has 19 them to unique evolutionary pressures that have resulted in this 20 state of affairs.
          1.A.selectedB.preparedC.obligedD.pleased
          参考答案:B
          参考解析:本题测试语义逻辑衔?#21360;?quot;selected"意为"挑选";"prepared"意为"准备";"obliged"意为"迫使,责成";"pleased"意为"高兴地,满足地",前一句"人们不敢说",本句中由"but"一词可推出意思与上句相反,即"Cochran准备说",所以选B.
          2.A.uniqueB.particularC.specialD.rare
          参考答案:D
          参考解析:本题测试词义辨析。"unique"意为"唯一?#27169;?#29420;特的";"particular"意为"特殊?#27169;?#29420;特的";"special"意为"特别?#27169;?#29305;殊的";"rare"意为"稀罕?#27169;?#29645;贵的",rare bird意为"稀有的人",空格相关意思是"只有Cochra准备说",而且"rare bird"是固定搭配,所以选D
          3.A.ofB.withC.inD.against
          参考答案:A
          参考解析:本题测试介词的语意搭配,independently of意为"不依赖于,独立",所以选A
          4.A.subsequentlyB.presentlyC.previouslyD.lately
          参考答案:C
          参考解析:本题测试词义辨析。由"actually"推出本句是对现在和以前对疾病看法的对比,所以选C
          5.A.OnlyB.SoC.EvenD.Hence
          参考答案:C
          参考解析:本题测试副词的用法及语段的连贯性。Even做程度副词,表示递进关系,意为"即使他自己也…".所以选C
          6.A.thoughtB.sightC.costD.risk
          参考答案:A
          参考解析:本题测试词义搭配。空格相关意思是"一想到他即将要做?#27169;?#21363;使他自己也….""At thought of"意为"一看到…";at sight of意为年"一看见";at cost of意为"以…的代价";at risk of意为"冒着….的危险",所以选A
          7.A.advisesB.suggestsC.protestsD.objects
          参考答案:B
          参考解析:本题测试动?#26102;?#26512;。advice意为"建议";suggest意为"建议,提出'";protest"主张,断言";object"反对",此句指"在论文?#26657;?#20182;建议…",所以选B
          8.A.progressB.factC.needD.question
          参考答案:D
          参考解析:本题测试?#39318;?#25645;配,in progress意为"进行中";in fact意为"事实上";in need意为"在危难中";in question意为"正在被讨论的",前一句正在谈论"group群体",本句衔接上一句表达"正在被讨论的这个群体",所以选D
          9.A.attainingB.scoringC.reachingD.calculating
          参考答案:B
          参考解析:本题考查动?#26102;?#26512;。从该句中的12-15 points可知,前面的动词是与分数相关的。score的意思是得分,打分,而其他三项没有这层意思。故答案为B。
          10.A.normalB.commonC.meanD.total
          参考答案:C
          参考解析:本题考查形容?#26102;?#26512;。文中提到这组人IQ测试得分比100?#25351;?2-15分,按照常识,100分是平均分,mean的意思是平均的。所?#28304;?#26696;为C。
          11.A.unconsciouslyB.disproportionately
          C.indefinitelyD.unaccountably
          参考答案:B
          参考解析:本题考查上下文的逻辑关系和副?#26102;?#26512;。disproportionately的意思是不成比例地,不相称地,比例太大(或太小的)。这句话要传达的意思是这组人做贡献的比例非常大,故答案选B。
          12.A.missionsB.fortunesC.interestsD.careers
          参考答案:D
          参考解析:本题考查上下文的逻辑关系和名?#26102;?#26512;。as引导的状语从句用一些精英(包括科学家)的职业证明前面提到的这组人所做的贡献非常大,career的意思是职业,事业,符合此意,故选D。
          13.A.affirmB.witnessC.observeD.approve
          参考答案:A
          参考解析:本题考查动?#26102;?#26512;。选项[A.affirm意为确认,肯定,符合题意。而[B.witness常用作及物动词,表示见证,表明;[C.observe,表示观察,评论,以人作主语;[D.意思为批准,通过的意思,也是人作主语。故答案为A。
          14.A.moreoverB.thereforeC.howeverD.meanwhile
          参考答案:C
          参考解析:本题考查逻辑关系。前文同时叙述了关于这组人的两种现象,这两种现象明显是有关联?#27169;?#20294;是这句话说到先前人们?#34900;?#20004;者没有关系,上下文构成转折关系,故选C。
          15.A.given upB.got overC.carried onD.put down
          参考答案:D
          参考解析:本题考查固定搭配。get down to的意思是归因于,符合句意。而give up to的意思是让给,get over to的意思是让某人明白某事,carry on的意思是继续开展,坚持,均不合题意。故答案为D。
          16.A.assessingB.supervisingC.administeringD.valuing
          参考答案:D
          参考解析:本题考查动?#26102;?#26512;。此处要传达的意思是重视教育的传?#24120;?#21482;有D.valuing符合题意。
          17.A.developmentB.originC.consequenceD.instrument
          参考答案:C
          参考解析:本题考查名?#26102;?#26512;。此句的意思是后者是由genetic isolation导致的结果,consequence的意思是结果,后果,故答案为C。
          18.A.linkedB.integratedC.wovenD.combined
          参考答案:A
          参考解析:本题考查动?#26102;?#26512;。此句Dr.Cochran的观点是这两者是密切关联的。link表示两者之间的关联或联系;integrate表示两者结合为一个整体;wave表示两者交织在一起;combine表示两者结合。只有link符合题意。故选A。
          19.A.limitedB.subjectedC.convertedD.directed
          参考答案:B
          参考解析:本题考查动?#26102;?#26512;。subject to意为使…经受或遭受;limit to表示限制;convert to表示转变;direct to表示指向。本句的意思是说这些人不同寻常的历史使他们经受了独特的进化压力,只有B符合题意。
          20.A.paradoxicalB.incompatibleC.inevitableD.continuous
          参考答案:A
          参考解析:本题考查形容?#26102;?#26512;。此处要传达的意思是独特的进化压力导致了这种似乎矛盾的状况。paradoxical表示似乎矛盾?#27169;?#20284;是而非?#27169;籭ncompatible表示不兼容?#27169;?#19981;协调?#27169;籭nevitable表示不可避免?#27169;籧ontinuous表示连续的。只有A符合题意。

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